PRACTICE UNSEEN PASSAGE 1
One often hears of the high prevalence of child labour in our country. Of the many reports I have read, perhaps the most disturbing was a report on the condition of children employed by Zari factories in Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India. It grieves me to imagine children exposed to such inhumanity.
Robbing children of their childhood is a criminal act, and our society must weed this malaise out from the rood. But where does the root lie? Before you attempt an answer, let me give you an anecdote from the other end of the social spectrum. A colleague in Wipro has a child studying in Standard IX in a reputed school in Bangalore. This child wakes up at 5 a.m. and studies for an hour before going to school. She returns from school at 4 p.m. and rushes for her IIT entrance exam coaching class. At 6 p.m. she has tuitions for two hours. After dinner, she spends an hour or more on homework. I asked her when she gets time to play. She replied that she did not play. She gets half an hour of free time each day, which she spends watching her favourite serial on television. She also added that board exams and entrance exams are very important, and that you only get one chance. Is the condition of this child different from the child in the zari factory?
When I look at children, I wonder whether they have time to play with friends, to meet interesting people, to explore the world, and follow their curiosity. When the monsoon shows begin, I would think that the streets would be full of children rushing headlong into the rain, dancing and playing. However, I think today, the rains fall on empty streets.
A1. Following sentences are jumbled up, arrange them in order of their occurrence: (2)
a. A child of writer’s colleague spends half an hour of free time in watching T.V.
b. A child of writer’s colleague has tuitions for two hours in the evening.
c. A child of writer’s colleague wakes up at 5 every morning.
d. A child of writer’s colleague has to spend an hour on homework.
A2. Complete the following sentences with the help of the extract: (2)
i. In India, we often find out —————
ii. The narrator surprises whether the children —————
iii. The main illegitimate offense is —————
iv. The narrator was upset because of —————
A3. Guess the intention or purpose of writing this extract: (2)
A4. Personal Response. (2)
“I think today, the rains fall on empty streets”. Write your own opinion regarding this statement.
A5. Language Study. (2)
1. Choose correct alternative that has Present Perfect Tense form of the following sentence-
She spends an hour or more on homework.
a. She is spending an hour or more on homework.
b. She has spent an hour or more on homework.
c. She spent an hour or more on homework.
d. She has been spending an hour or more on homework.
2. Choose correct alternative to transform the following sentence as a negative-
The condition of this child is different from the child working in the zari factory.
a. The condition of this child is not different from the child working in the zari factory.
b. The condition of this child is not differentiate from the child working in the zari factory.
c. The condition of this child is not same from the child working in the zari factory.
d. The condition of this child is not dissimilar from the child working in the zari factory.
A6. Vocabulary. Find the synonyms for the following words from the passage: (2)
PRACTICE UNSEEN PASSAGE 2
When shoes were first made, they were made flat without a heel. Since normal walking requires that the heel of the foot should strike the ground before the toes, these early shoes used to wear out quickly at the heel, prompting shoemakers to reinforce the heel, and so creating heeled shoes.
Women have been wearing high-heeled shoes for centuries in the pursuit of fashion. However, regularly wearing shoes with high heels can be hazardous. The biggest risk, perhaps, is losing your balance and breaking an ankle. Wearing high heels interferes with your normal gait. They throw your weight forward, making it difficult to sustain upright balance. They force you to use a lot of extra muscular effort to keep from falling forward. Much of this extra effort is concentrated in the lower back arch, which can lead to back pain. Experts warn that high heels can also result in a variety of foot problems, including metatarsalgia, which is pain in the ball of the foot. Another condition called Morton’s neuroma, which is 10 times more common in women than men, is caused by the thickening of tissue around a nerve between the third and fourth toes. It usually envelops in response to imitation and excessive pressure, such as the burden of weight high heels place on the ball of the foot.
However, if one cannot resist wearing ‘heels, the following tips can help to keep your feet healthy. Always wear the correct fit. Have both feet measured the next time you buy shoes. You will probably find that one foot is larger than the other – always buy shoes to fit the larger foot, never buy shoes that are too tight. Buy shoes later in the day when your feet are a bit swollen. Never wear a heel higher than 6.5 cm. Only buy heels that you are comfortable in.
A1. Rewrite the following sentences and state whether they are True or False: (2)
a. Initial shoes were without a heel.
b. Women have been wearing high- heeled shoes for centuries to get comfort.
c. High heels can create a variety of foot problems.
d. It is quite comfortable to wear a heel higher than 6.5 cm.
A2. Write. Drawbacks of regularly wearing shoes with high heels are: (2)
A3. Complete. Complete the following statements: (2)
i. The initial shoes were not very uncomfortable because
ii. To keep our feet healthy we must
A4. Personal Response. (2)
Express your views regarding to wear shoes with high heels.
A5. Language Study. (2)
1. Choose correct alternative to get ‘not only….but also’ form of the following sentence-
The biggest risk is losing your balance and breaking an ankle.
a. The biggest risk not only is losing your balance but also breaking an ankle.
b. The biggest risk is not only losing your balance but also breaking an ankle.
c. Not only the biggest risk is losing your balance but also breaking an ankle.
d. The biggest risk is losing not only your balance but also breaking an ankle.
2. Choose correct alternative to transform the sentence into Passive Voice-
Women were wearing high-heeled shoes.
a. High-heeled shoes are being worn by women.
b. High-heeled shoes have been worn by women.
c. High-heeled shoes were being worn by women.
d. High-heeled shoes are worn by women.
A6. Vocabulary. (2)
Give antonyms of the following words by adding prefixes- ‘under, im, ir, un:
i. regularly ii. balance
iii. comfortable iv. pressure