|What is Word-formation?|
|A word is a group of letters which expresses a meaning. The process of creating words is known as Word-formation. There are various processes through which new words are created in English language. The Word Formation Processes are considered as the important component of Morphology. Word Formation Processes can be explained one by one as follows:|
- Reduplication Compounding
Affixation is the most commonly used process of word-formation. In this process, prefix and suffix are used for forming new words.
Prefix is an element which is added before the Base Word. For example, in the word ‘preview’, ‘pre’ is a prefix and ‘view’ is the Base word. Every prefix has its own meaning and we can form many new words by adding prefixes to the words. This process of word formation is known as ‘Prefixation’.
Compounding is the process in which we can join two or more simple words. Words created through compounding are called compound words. Compound words can be formed in many ways.
Noun + Noun
Blending is the process in which two base words are combined, but it retains only a part of one or both words. Two words are blended and we get a new word.
Clipping is the process in which there is a subtraction of one or more syllables from a word.
Acronym is the process of word-formation in which words are created from the initial letters or some parts of the words.
Conversion is the process in which same word can be used as different parts of speech.
Noun as well as Verb
Reduplication Compounding is the process in which some compound words have two or more elements that are identical or slightly different.