Read the extract and complete the activities given below: (12 Marks)
One often hears of the high prevalence of child labour in our country. Of the many reports I have read, perhaps the most disturbing was a report on the condition of children employed by Zari factories in Delhi, Mumbai and other parts of India. It grieves me to imagine children exposed to such inhumanity.
Robbing children of their childhood is a criminal act, and our society must weed this malaise out from the rood. But where does the root lie? Before you attempt an answer, let me give you an anecdote from the other end of the social spectrum. A colleague in Wipro has a child studying in Standard IX in a reputed school in Bangalore. This child wakes up at 5 a.m. and studies for an hour before going to school. She returns from school at 4 p.m. and rushes for her IIT entrance exam coaching class. At 6 p.m. she has tuitions for two hours. After dinner, she spends an hour or more on homework. I asked her when she gets time to play. She replied that she did not play. She gets half an hour of free time each day, which she spends watching her favourite serial on television. She also added that board exams and entrance exams are very important, and that you only get one chance. Is the condition of this child different from the child in the zari factory?
When I look at children, I wonder whether they have time to play with friends, to meet interesting people, to explore the world, and follow their curiosity. When the monsoon shows begin, I would think that the streets would be full of children rushing headlong into the rain, dancing and playing. However, I think today, the rains fall on empty streets.
A1. Following sentences are jumbled up, arrange them in order of their occurrence: (2)
a. A child of writer’s colleague spends half an hour of free time in watching T.V.
b. A child of writer’s colleague has tuitions for two hours in the evening.
c. A child of writer’s colleague wakes up at 5 every morning.
d. A child of writer’s colleague has to spend an hour on homework.
A2. Complete the following sentences with the help of the extract: (2)
i. In India, we often find out —————
ii. The narrator surprises whether the children —————
iii. The main illegitimate offense is —————
iv. The narrator was upset because of —————
A3. Guess the intention or purpose of writing this extract: (2)
A4. Personal Response. (2)
“I think today, the rains fall on empty streets”. Write your own opinion regarding this statement.
A5. Language Study. (2)
1. Choose correct alternative that has Present Perfect Tense form of the following sentence-
She spends an hour or more on homework.
a. She is spending an hour or more on homework.
b. She has spent an hour or more on homework.
c. She spent an hour or more on homework.
d. She has been spending an hour or more on homework.
2. Choose correct alternative to transform the following sentence as a negative-
The condition of this child is different from the child working in the zari factory.
a. The condition of this child is not different from the child working in the zari factory.
b. The condition of this child is not differentiate from the child working in the zari factory.
c. The condition of this child is not same from the child working in the zari factory.
d. The condition of this child is not dissimilar from the child working in the zari factory.
A6. Vocabulary. Find the synonyms for the following words from the passage: (2)