Gerunds and Infinitives
- Gerunds and Infinitives are commonly used sentence structures in English. They are the categories of non-finite verbs that can be used as a noun or an object in a sentence.
- Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence.
- Gerunds and Infinitives both function as nouns. They can act as the subject of a verb when placed before it, and as an object when placed after it.
- Gerund is a verb form that ends in ‘-ing’ and is used as a noun in a sentence.
E.g. playing, going, making, writing etc.
- Infinitive is the base form of a verb preceded by ‘to’
E.g. to play, to go, to make, to write etc.
Common verbs followed by a Gerund:
|prefer||My father prefers reading story-books.|
|advise||The teacher advises writing important points.|
|enjoy||We enjoyed dancing at the birthday party.|
|like||I like swimming in the morning.|
|love||David loves singing in annual function.|
|postpone||Let’s postpone leaving until Monday.|
|suggest||Father suggested supporting each other.|
|dare||Would you dare climbing Mt.Everest?|
|finish||Mother finished cooking at about nine.|
|discuss||We will discuss doing something special.|
Common verbs followed by an Infinitive:
|manage||John managed to finish his work early.|
|forget||My sister forgot to lock the door.|
|need||Today we need to have your valuable guidance.|
|wait||I will wait to know what you feel about it.|
|plan||We’re planning to visit Tokyo next month.|
|remind||Teacher reminded to attend the online lecture.|
|decide||We decided to stay at home.|
|want||Everyone wanted to drive a car.|
|like||I like to speak English with my teacher.|
|go||Let’s go to play football on our school ground.|
|I like driving.||I like to drive.|
|He started walking.||He started to walk.|
|I stopped smoking.||I stopped to smoke.|
|Smith prefers eating a light dinner.||Smith prefers to eat a light dinner.|
|Dying is better than surrendering.||To die is better than to surrender.|
|He forgot calling his brother.||He forgot to call his brother.|
|Thinking positively makes man ideal.||To think positively makes man ideal.|
|Starving is better than begging.||It is better to starve than to beg.|
|He advised taking that course.||He advised to take that course.|
|Exercising is good for health.||To exercise is good for health.|
|She likes singing classical songs.||She likes to sing classical songs.|
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