Home GRAMMAR Gerunds and Infinitives: Rules, Examples and Quiz

Gerunds and Infinitives: Rules, Examples and Quiz

Grammar-Gerunds and Infinitives Rules, Examples and Quiz
Gerunds and Infinitives

  • Gerunds and Infinitives are commonly used sentence structures in English. They are the categories of non-finite verbs that can be used as a noun or an object in a sentence.
  • Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. 
  • Gerunds and Infinitives both function as nouns. They can act as the subject of a verb when placed before it, and as an object when placed after it.
  • Gerund is a verb form that ends in ‘-ing’ and is used as a noun in a sentence.
       E.g. playing, going, making, writing etc.
  • Infinitive is the base form of a verb preceded by ‘to’
       E.g. to play, to go, to make, to write etc.

Common verbs followed by a Gerund:

prefer My father prefers reading story-books.
advise The teacher advises writing important points.
enjoy We enjoyed dancing at the birthday party.
like I like swimming in the morning.
love David loves singing in annual function.
postpone Let’s postpone leaving until Monday.
suggest Father suggested supporting each other.
dare Would you dare climbing Mt.Everest?
finish Mother finished cooking at about nine.
discuss We will discuss doing something special.

Common verbs followed by an Infinitive:

manage John managed to finish his work early.
forget My sister forgot to lock the door.
need Today we need to have your valuable guidance.
wait I will wait to know what you feel about it.
plan We’re planning to visit Tokyo next month.
remind Teacher reminded to attend the online lecture.
decide We decided to stay at home.
want Everyone wanted to drive a car.
like I like to speak English with my teacher.
go Let’s go to play football on our school ground.

Both Gerunds and Infinitives can serve various functions in a sentence:

Gerund as a Subject:
Swimming is my favorite form of exercise.

Dancing requires a lot of coordination.
Infinitive as a Subject:
To learn a new language is challenging.

To succeed takes hard work.
Gerund as an Object of a Verb:
I enjoy reading in the evenings.

She admitted stealing the cookies.
Infinitive as an Object of a Verb:
I want to learn how to play the guitar.

He decided to take a vacation.
Gerund as an Object of a Preposition:
She is good at playing the piano.

They are interested in hiking.
Infinitive as an Object of a Preposition:
She is afraid of spiders.

He is skilled at solving problems.
Gerund as a Complement:
His favorite hobby is hiking.

The best part of the day is swimming in the pool.
Infinitive as a Complement:
Her goal is to become a doctor.

The plan is to finish the project by next week.
Gerund after Certain Verbs:
I enjoy cooking.

They avoid going to crowded places.
Infinitive after Certain Verbs:
She decided to visit the museum.

He promised to help with the homework.

Gerunds Infinitives
I like driving. I like to drive.
He started walking. He started to walk.
I stopped smoking. I stopped to smoke.
Smith prefers eating a light dinner. Smith prefers to eat a light dinner.
Dying is better than surrendering. To die is better than to surrender.
He forgot calling his brother. He forgot to call his brother.
Thinking positively makes man ideal. To think positively makes man ideal.
Starving is better than begging. It is better to starve than to beg.
He advised taking that course. He advised to take that course.
Exercising is good for health. To exercise is good for health.
She likes singing classical songs. She likes to sing classical songs.

Gerund: She enjoys reading novels.
Infinitive: She enjoys to read novels.
Gerund: They are considering renovating the house.
Infinitive: They are considering to renovate the house.
Gerund: I appreciate your helping me.
Infinitive: I appreciate you to help me.
Gerund: He apologized for arriving late.
Infinitive: He apologized for him to arrive late.
Gerund: We can’t imagine living without internet.
Infinitive: We can’t imagine to live without internet.
Gerund: I delayed making a decision.
Infinitive: I delayed to make a decision.
Gerund: They discussed implementing new policies.
Infinitive: They discussed to implement new policies.
Gerund: She is considering accepting the job offer.
Infinitive: She is considering to accept the job offer.
Gerund: I remember seeing that movie before.
Infinitive: I remember to see that movie before.
Gerund: They suggest studying in groups.
Infinitive: They suggest to study in groups.

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