Home GRAMMAR Wh-Questions

Wh-Questions

english graamar wh-question


A question is a special sentence used to find out particular information. It is always structured in interrogative form, addressed to someone intending to get information in reply. In English there are six types of questions, commonly used in systematic ways:

types of questions

WH-questions are the questions beginning with Wh-words like what, who, why, where, when, whom, whose, which and how. Wh-questions are also known as Open Questions, used to ask about definite people, places, times, qualities and so on. Wh-words are always presented in a functional or operational ways, conveying a grammatical and structural association with other words in a sentence.

Wh-words Uses & Examples
what
To ask for information and affirmation
   What is the problem now?
   What were you doing there?
   What are you afraid of
who
To ask for the people or subject
   Who is your room partner?
   Who is responsible for war?
   Who will look after your son?
why
To ask for reason, cause or intention
   Why are you looking nervous?
   Why didn’t you call me yesterday?
   Why don’t you drive slowly?
where
To ask for place, position or location
   Where is your school?
   Where can I get my ticket?
   Where are your documents?
when
To ask for time
   When did he go to Africa?
   When should I return this book?
   When would you like to go there?
whom
To ask for people or the object of verb
   Whom are you going to invite?
   Whom will you blame for this?
   Whom did he appoint for job?
whose
To ask for possession or belongings
   Whose mobile is ringing here?
   Whose book is this?
   Whose camera was stolen in the party?
which
To ask for option or choice
   Which subject do you like most?
   Which book should I read now?
   Which of them is your sister?
how
To ask for manner, quality or condition
   How is he feeling now?
   How do you study Mathematics?
   How long will the battery last?


Exercise Set-1
Choose a correct alternative to frame a Wh-Type question to get the underlined part as an answer.

1.Mary and John had been quarreling for many years due to some misunderstandings.

a. Why Mary and John had been quarreling for many years?
b.
Why had Mary and John been quarreling for many years?
c.
Why had been Mary and John quarreling for many years?
d.
Why had been quarreling Mary and John for many years?

2. Through the instrumentality of Launcelot, Jessica conveyed her message to Lorenzo.
a. How Jessica conveyed her message to Lorenzo?
b. How had Jessica conveyed her message to Lorenzo?
c.
How did Jessica convey her message to Lorenzo?
d.
How Jessica had conveyed her message to Lorenzo?
3. Simon received an e-mail from a company.
a. What Simon received from a company?
b. What Simon had received from a company?
c.
What did Simon receive from a company?
d.
What had Simon received from a company?
4. Children were playing in the garden.
a. Where children were playing?
b. Where had been children playing?
c.
Where were children playing?
d.
Where children was playing?
5. She had been constantly eavesdropping.
a. What had been she constantly doing?
b. What had she been doing constantly?
c.
What was she doing constantly?
d.
What she had been doing constantly?
6. The students were making noise in the classroom.
a. Who were making noise in the classroom?
b. Who had been making noise in the classroom?
c.
Who are making noise in the classroom?
d.
What were making noise in the classroom?
7. The Board Examinations are going to be conducted from tomorrow.
a. When are the Board Examinations going to be conducted?
b. When the Board Examinations are going to be conducted?
c.
When are going to be the Board Examinations conducted?
d.
When the Board Examinations going to be conducted?
8. Portia disguised herself as a male lawyer in the play.
a. What Portia disguised herself as in the play?
b. What did Portia disguise herself as in the play?
c.
Who did Portia disguise herself as in the play?
d.
Who Portia disguised herself as in the play?
9. Mary baked a cake for her 20th birthday.
a. Why did Mary bake a cake?
b. Why Mary baked a cake?
c.
What did Mary bake a cake for?
d.
Why had Mary baked a cake?
10. She was reading an autobiography of M.K. Gandhi.
a. Whose autobiography she was reading?
b. Whose autobiography was she reading?
c.
Who autobiography were she reading?
d.
What autobiography was she reading?
11. William was retrained as a mountaineer.
a. What was William retrained as?
b. What was William retrained?

c. What did William retrain as?

d. What was retrained William?

12. An exceptional battle had begun inside the train on the move.
a. Where had an exceptional battle begun on the move?
b. When had an exceptional battle on the move begun?

c. Where had an exceptional battle begin on the move?

d. Where an exceptional battle had begun on the move?
13. With the help of the technology, I started responding the treatment.
a. How I started responding the treatment?
b. How did I started responding the treatment?

c. How I start responding the treatment?
d. How did I start responding the treatment?
14. Jacob invites my family members for birth celebration.
a. When Jacob invites my family members?
b. Why does Jacob invite my family members?

c. When do Jacob invite my family members for celebration?

d. Why do Jacob invite my family members?
15. The man tried to snatch her gold chain.
a. What the man tried to snatch?
b. What did the man tried to snatch?

c. What was the man try to snatch?

d. What did the man try to snatch?
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