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CORONAVIRUS

CORONAVIRUS
CORONAVIRUS
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. A coronavirus identified in 2019, SARS-CoV-2, has caused a pandemic of respiratory illness, called COVID-19. It is a kind of common virus that causes an infection in nose, sinuses, or upper throat. In early 2020, after a December 2019 outbreak in China, the World Health Organization identified SARS-CoV-2 as a new type of coronavirus. The outbreak quickly spread around the world.

 

SYMPTOMS OF CORONAVIRUS
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Trouble breathing
  • Muscle or body aches
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Body aches
  • Congestion or runny nose

 

PRECAUTIONS
  • Wear a mask at public places.
  • Clean your hands frequently with soap and water.
  • Maintain a safe distance from anyone who is ill.
  • Don’t touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
  • Stay self-isolated at home if you are feeling ill.
  • Consult doctors, if having symptoms.
  • Get vaccinated.
  • Be alert for symptoms.
  • Keep away from pets in the home
  • Cover coughs and sneezes with a tissue.
  • Dispose of used masks and tissues properly.
  • Stay informed and updated.
  • Carry a sanitizer with you.
  • Disinfect your home.
  • Don’t share common household items.
  • Take care of old people and children.

 

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Acute Respiratory Stress Syndrome (ARDS)

A condition in which fluid builds up in the air sacs of the lungs.

Asymptomatic

Presenting no symptoms of disease. 

Case Fatality Rate

The ratio of deaths from COVID-19 to the total number of individuals.

Clinical Trial

Research experiments on human participants designed to answer questions about new treatments.

Community Spread

The spread of a contagious disease in a geographic area in which there is no knowledge of how someone contracted the disease. 

Confirmed Positive Case

In contrast to a presumptive positive case, this is confirmation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) of a positive COVID-19 test in an individual.

Contact Tracing

Identifying and monitoring people who may have come into contact with an infectious person.

Epidemic

A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community or geographic area.

Epidemic Curve

A graph or chart depicting the progression of an outbreak in a particular population.

Epidemiology

Branch of medicine which deals largely with public health, including the incidence, distribution, analysis and control of diseases.

Forehead Thermometer

A device that measures body temperature through hovering near or contact with the forehead rather than traditional insertion.

Herd Immunity

Also known as community immunity, this is the reduction in risk of infection within a population, often because of previous exposure or vaccination.

Immune Surveillance

The process of monitoring the immune system’s activities, which may include the detection and destruction of foreign substances, cells or tissues.

Incubation Period

The time between when an individual is first exposed to the virus and the appearance of symptoms.

Index case

The first documented case of an infectious disease.

Index patient

The first person infected with a disease in an epidemic. Interchangeable with the term ‘patient zero’.

Lockdown

An emergency measure in which individuals are restricted from certain areas in an attempt to control exposure or transmission of disease.

Pandemic

Worldwide spread of an infectious disease, with larger reach than an epidemic. Until COVID-19, the last pandemic was the H1N1 influenza outbreak in 2009.

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